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Diabetes mellitus

Permanently elevated blood glucose levels

Diabetes mellitus (diabetes) is a pathological disorder of sugar metabolism with a permanent increase in blood sugar levels.

The consequences are over time vessel damage (microvascular and macrovascular consequences) and various organs from head to toe: dementia, depression, stroke, blindness, periodontal disease, coronary artery stenosis with heart attack, fatty liver, renal insufficiency, erectile dysfunction, bone disease, neuropathy, Arterial occlusive disease with threatening leg amputations, diabetic foot syndrome with chronic ulcerations, etc.

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. About nine out of ten diabetic patients suffer from it. Various risk factors are involved in disease development: genetic predisposition, overweight, lack of exercise, metabolic syndrome. The body cells become increasingly insensitive to insulin, the insulin resistance increases. Diabetes should be recognized and treated as early as possible in order to avoid the serious sequelae. Before the blood glucose level rises measurably, there is a phase of several years previously in which the precursor of insulin, proinsulin, increases in concentration in the blood.